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News: The best of Russian Science and Technology
Under supervision of professor Vladimir M. Lipunov

27.03.2002
22:20

SPACE LIFE in METEORITES?

06.03.2002
16:28

Leonid MoiseyevishOzernoy passed away

15.02.2002
17:02

New Space Carrier Rocket "Mikron"

14.02.2002
20:32

Resolution that triggered Baikonur

    On February 12, 1955 Council of Ministers of the USSR took decision No.292-181 "A new testing area for the Ministry of Defense of the USSR" which initiated construction of the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Originally, it was called scientific testing area No.5.

    Construction operations on object "Taiga" (called so because of security considerations) began as early as in January, 1955. House-building of the settlement nearby began in May, 1955. The village was renamed many times depending on political situation: in different years it was called "Tashkent-90", "Tiura-Tam", "Zaria" (Outset), "Zvezdograd" (Star town), "Leninsk", and finally Baikonur, the name it has today.

    The main goals of the construction works were starting positions for International Ballistic Missiles (IBM) and technical installations of the space centre. In two years, on May 15, 1957 the first R-7 IBM constructed by S.P.Koroliov was launched followed by the first artificial satellite of the Earth in October of the same year.

    It was here that the first cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, was launched into space in April, 1961. In all, there have been sent up from here 96 national and 29 foreign astronauts. Now the piloted flights are being realized toward the International Space Station (ISS).

    First flights of "Vostok" spaceships having been completed, there have been tested some 20 new carrier-rocket types at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, among them "Voshode" (Sunrise), "Molnia" (Lightning), "Soyuz", "Tsiklone" (Cyclone), "Protone", "N-1", "Zenith", "Energia"(Energy)-"Buran" (Snowstorm), "Rokote" (Roar), as well as their modifications. They carried "Cosmos" and "Meteor" vehicles, numerous communication, navigation and military satellites, ISS into space. Baikonur Cosmodrome was a site of a great IBM testing program. In all, there have been 1188 carrier rocket launching tests (from these more than 1050 successful ones), 1187 IBM and medium-range missile starts. About 40 basic rocket types and more than 80 their modifications have been tested at the Baikonur area.

    Under terms of an agreement reached by Russia and Kazakhstan on March 28, 1994 the Baikonur Cosmodrome was leased back to Russia on a 20-year lease.

    Currently up to 75% national space vehicle launchings are realized at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, 95% of them starting to geostationary and solar-synchronous orbits. It is there that all the piloted program of Russia is under way now.

    In 2002 more than 20 carrier rocket launchings are supposed to be realized from the Baikonur Cosmodrome (among them, "Protone-K", "Protone-M", "Soyuz-U", "Soyuz-FG" as well as a conversion "Dnepr") according to Russian Federal Space Program, for the sake of the Ministry of Defense, and in the context of International Space activities.

    Moscow, February 12, 2002. Sergei Dereviashkin,Press-cutting service of the Space Forces

    Space News from Alexander Zhelezniakov

13.02.2002
17:31

XVIII CONFERENCE ON CHARGED PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

11.12.2001
16:06

Ultrahigh Vacuum SPM - Made in Russia

23.11.2001
13:17

A New Ultrahigh-Energy Gamma-Ray Source

22.11.2001
15:37

The Letter to Astrophysical Journal Editor

22.11.2001
15:00

First Serial Nuclear Submarine "Gepard" to be Accepted by State Commission of Experts Early in December

29.10.2001
15:45

Macroscopic effects of quantum fluctuations

04.10.2001
10:20

Space is Ours!

01.10.2001
16:41

1st October - Anniversary of Dmitrij Il'ich Kozlov

22.09.2001
11:16

Planet of Zeldovich

22.09.2001
11:02

Ya.B.Zeldovich All-Moscow Seminar of Astrophysicists (ASA)

16.09.2001
12:33

Terror in USA: Email article written by a former Vietnam pilot

06.09.2001
18:47

55th Anniversary of Rocket Space Complex

08.08.2001
22:43

Russia Comes Third in Designing Supercomputers

08.08.2001
12:05

Liquid Rocket Engine Tested

12.07.2001
20:52

Show you disagree with the Bush Administration's decision

02.07.2001
12:54

Will Buran Fly Again?

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Email:lipunov@sai.msu.ru

 

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