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News: The best of Russian Science and Technology
Under supervision of professor Vladimir M. Lipunov

27.03.2002
22:20

SPACE LIFE in METEORITES?

06.03.2002
16:28

Leonid MoiseyevishOzernoy passed away

15.02.2002
17:02

New Space Carrier Rocket "Mikron"

14.02.2002
20:32

Resolution that triggered Baikonur

13.02.2002
17:31

XVIII CONFERENCE ON CHARGED PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

11.12.2001
16:06

Ultrahigh Vacuum SPM - Made in Russia

23.11.2001
13:17

A New Ultrahigh-Energy Gamma-Ray Source

22.11.2001
15:37

The Letter to Astrophysical Journal Editor

22.11.2001
15:00

First Serial Nuclear Submarine "Gepard" to be Accepted by State Commission of Experts Early in December

29.10.2001
15:45

Macroscopic effects of quantum fluctuations

04.10.2001
10:20

Space is Ours!

    On 4 October, 44 years ago, Russia opened the space road for the mankind. For thousands of years terrestrials (Sumerians, Chineses, Babylonians, Assyrians, Armenians, proto-Slavs, and other peoples) had been watching the sky and mentioning nothing of the kind. The phenomenon unknown before - a flying and uncombustible star - struck imagination of people in all countries and on every continent. The world stood still in expectation. Myths and legends, gods and ghosts made room for a Russian man. The miracle was created by our compatriots making use of a rocket R7.

    On 25 August 1957 there was the first successful flight of an intercontinental ballistic missile (IBM) R7 which was worked out in the Special Design Office-1 under the Head Designer S.P.Koroliov. A powerful cooperation of scientific and design institutions was formed through insistent efforts of S.P.Koroliov, owing to his remarkable organizational activities. This cooperative agglomeration provided necesary inquiries and designed devices and systems which were a new step in the rocket technology. The rocket R7 (8K71) was projected and exploited as a military one, it had efficiency that allowed launching considerable load into space, on a near-Earth orbit. Therefore, successful trials of 8K71 as a ballistic missile were followed by its employment for the launching of early artificial satellites of the Earth.

    On 4 October 1957 the first satellite sent its call signals over the ether. It was the beginning of a cosmic era in the mankind's civilization. The rocket itself was named "sputnik" which stands for a "satellite" in Russian.

    The review "Physical phenomena in Heavens", by Prof. V.M.Lipunov.

    For more detailed information about R7 a reader is referred to the site "Cosmopark"

    Translated by Nataliya Lipunova

01.10.2001
16:41

1st October - Anniversary of Dmitrij Il'ich Kozlov

22.09.2001
11:16

Planet of Zeldovich

22.09.2001
11:02

Ya.B.Zeldovich All-Moscow Seminar of Astrophysicists (ASA)

16.09.2001
12:33

Terror in USA: Email article written by a former Vietnam pilot

06.09.2001
18:47

55th Anniversary of Rocket Space Complex

08.08.2001
22:43

Russia Comes Third in Designing Supercomputers

08.08.2001
12:05

Liquid Rocket Engine Tested

12.07.2001
20:52

Show you disagree with the Bush Administration's decision

02.07.2001
12:54

Will Buran Fly Again?

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Email:lipunov@sai.msu.ru

 

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