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News: The best of Russian Science and Technology
Under supervision of professor Vladimir M. Lipunov

27.03.2002
22:20

SPACE LIFE in METEORITES?

06.03.2002
16:28

Leonid MoiseyevishOzernoy passed away

15.02.2002
17:02

New Space Carrier Rocket "Mikron"

14.02.2002
20:32

Resolution that triggered Baikonur

13.02.2002
17:31

XVIII CONFERENCE ON CHARGED PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

11.12.2001
16:06

Ultrahigh Vacuum SPM - Made in Russia

23.11.2001
13:17

A New Ultrahigh-Energy Gamma-Ray Source

22.11.2001
15:37

The Letter to Astrophysical Journal Editor

22.11.2001
15:00

First Serial Nuclear Submarine "Gepard" to be Accepted by State Commission of Experts Early in December

29.10.2001
15:45

Macroscopic effects of quantum fluctuations

04.10.2001
10:20

Space is Ours!

01.10.2001
16:41

1st October - Anniversary of Dmitrij Il'ich Kozlov

22.09.2001
11:16

Planet of Zeldovich

    On the 19th of September, 2001, the International Astronomical Union's diploma was presented to the Sternberg State Astronomical Institute (Moscow State University). The IAU diploma certified awarding the name of Zeldovitch to minor planet (asteroid) 11438.

    Yakov Borisovitch was a professor at the Moscow State University, the founder and the leader of the department of relativistic astrophysics in the Sternberg Astronomical Institute. Once Stephen Hoking wrote to Yakov Borisovitch Zel'dovitch: "Before I met you here I had believed you to be "a collective author" as Burbaki".

    Actually, one could hardly find another scientist with such a wide scope of interests among the 20th century physicists. His interests involved problems connected with chemical burning processes, nuclear physics and atomic applications, explosive hydrodynamics, mathematical physics, as well as the theory of black holes, neutron stars, and the hypothesis concerning the origin of the Universe.

    It seems to me that if he had lived a bit longer, he would certainly have received a Nobel Prize. He used to be a man with a great wit and intelligence. Being pragmatically minded, he managed to step over a lot of settled and rigid scientific viewpoints by the end of his life. I can't help remembering the two things: how difficult it was to follow him running up the scales of his house and how complicated it was to follow his sparkling ideas at lectures. The both were difficult but very interesting.

    You may get acquainted with Zel'dovitch's scientific contributions, works, and rewards hereafter. I shall mention only a number of his bright discoveries:

    -the first chain nuclear reaction calculations (together with Fliorov);
    -the theory of "Katiusha" rocket fuel burning (the world's first monograph on the theory of burning);
    -the discovery of the lepton charge conservation laws;
    -the discovery of the energy source of black holes (accretion);
    -certain ideas which later, as a matter of fact, make Stephen Hoking discover quantum evaporation from black holes;
    -the "pan-cake" theory;
    -the hypothesis of quantum birth of the Universe from vacuum, etc.

    The list may be complemented with such outcomes as many "effects" predicted by Zel'dovitch and proved afterwards; his work as a lecturer (which he himself considered as being his hobby); his manuals on mathematical physics; his scientific guidance (he founded a number of scientific schools, from chemical physics to relativistic astrophysics); his leadership in the theoretical aspects of the atomic project; the three stars of Hero of Socialist Labour...

    The planet Zel'dovitch has the radius of some 6 km, its distance from the Sun being 2.2 astronomical units.

    (RAS diploma on the planet's name)

    The drawing by the summary author (1979)

    Translated by Nataliya Lipunova

    By professor V.M.Lipunov

22.09.2001
11:02

Ya.B.Zeldovich All-Moscow Seminar of Astrophysicists (ASA)

16.09.2001
12:33

Terror in USA: Email article written by a former Vietnam pilot

06.09.2001
18:47

55th Anniversary of Rocket Space Complex

08.08.2001
22:43

Russia Comes Third in Designing Supercomputers

08.08.2001
12:05

Liquid Rocket Engine Tested

12.07.2001
20:52

Show you disagree with the Bush Administration's decision

02.07.2001
12:54

Will Buran Fly Again?

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Email:lipunov@sai.msu.ru

 

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